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Vogel, Hans

    Full Name: Vogel, Hans

    Other Names:

    • Hans Martin Erasmus Vogel

    Gender: male

    Date Born: 1897

    Date Died: 1973

    Place Born: Szczecin, West Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland

    Place Died: Braunlage im Harz, Lower Saxony, Germany

    Home Country/ies: Germany

    Subject Area(s): museums (institutions)

    Career(s): directors (administrators) and museum directors


    Museum director, Kassel, 1946-1961. Vogel was born and raised in Stettin, Germany, (present-day Szczecin, Poland) where his father was a local merchant. After graduating from the humanistisches Gymnasium in Stettin in 1916, he entered the army in World War I where he was severely wounded. Upon recuperation in 1919 he studied political science, earning his first Ph.D. in 1923 from the university in Vienna. He entered studied thereafter in art history, attending lectures at Marburg under Richard Hamann and then Leipzig under Wilhelm Pinder. His dissertation, written under Pinder, was on architects of Stettin in the eighteenth century. He volunteered at the Kunstgewerbemuseum (Arts and Crafts Museum) in Leipzig beginning in 1926. He married Suzanne Neiβer around this time. He worked for the publisher Brockhaus as an art editor briefly before being appointed an assistant at the city museum of Halle an der Saale in 1928. The following year he became an art history Dozent at the art academy in Kassel (Staatliche Kunstakademie Kassel). When the academy closed in 1932, he move to an unpaid curatorial assistant at the art museum there. Vogel’s wife, because of her Jewish background, was declared a “non-Aryan” by the Nazis. He secured a grant to inventory the building and art of the Hohenzollern in Sigmaringen. This led to a 1936 project cataloging the print and book collection for Prince Friedrich Heinrich von Preussen in Kamenz in Schlesien, ultimately charged to liquidate some of the assets. At the end of War, Vogel was hounded by the Gestapo for his “mixed marriage” status to a Jew. After the War he was appointed director of the art museum at Kassel, 1946. An industrial city, Kassel suffered heavy bombing by allied forces and the museum building was heavily damaged. Vogel spent those years rebuilding the collection,the heavily damaged museum building was accomplished after his tenure. He oversaw the issuing of a catalog in 1958. He retired in 1962. Vogel’s area remained neoclassicism.

    Selected Bibliography

    [dissertation:] Stettiner Baumeister der zweiten Hälfte des 18. Jahrhunderts. Leipzig, 1925; Deutsche Baukunst des Klassizismus. Berlin: Gebr. Mann, 1937; Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Kassel, Gemäldegalerie Alte Meister. Kassel: Staatliche Gemäldegalerie Kassel, 1958.


    Wendland, Ulrike. Biographisches Handbuch deutschsprachiger Kunsthistoriker im Exil: Leben und Werk der unter dem Nationalsozialismus verfolgten und vertriebenen Wissenschaftler. Munich: Saur, 1999, vol. 2, pp.713-716.


    "Vogel, Hans." Dictionary of Art Historians (website).

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