Historian of Russian art, particularly the traditional Russian art forms of medieval, renaissance and 18th and 19th centuries. Responsible for general histories of art reflecting the ideals of the Soviet period and several histories of Russian art. Professor at the Theatre and Architecture institutes (Moscow University) and the Academy of Art. Associated with Oskar Wulff, Viktor Mikitich Lazarev and N. I Brunov.
Entries tagged with "Moscow, Russia"
Medievalist, Focillon student. Baltrušaitis was the son of Jurgis Baltrušaitis, senior (1873-1944) a Symbolist poet, translator and man of letters. He was raised in the intensely cultural environment of his parents. His father was deeply pro-Russia, translating many Western works of literature into Russian and acting as the first chairman of the Soviet Writers' Union. The younger Baltrušaitis had the poet Boris Pasternak (1890-1960) as a teacher. Baltrušaitis moved to Paris to further his education in 1923, studying at the Sorbonne.
Writer, painter, museum director, and historian of Russian art and architecture. Grabar studied at the Academy of Arts at the University of St. Petersburg in 1894, and moved to Munich two years later. As an art student, he was affiliated with the Jugendstil movement, but returned to St. Petersburg in 1901. In 1913, he was appointed professor at the Academy of Arts and Director of the Tret'yakov Gallery in Moscow. Grabar supervised the restoration of Russian architecture and painting, publishing several articles on Russian art.
Archaeologist and historian of prehistoric art and culture. For twenty-three years, Okladnikov served as a staff member of the USSR Academy of Sciences' Institute of Archaeology in Leningrad. His research concentrated on the art of the Bronze Age in the Baikal region, and the monuments of the Neolithic Age. In 1961, Okladinov was appointed head of the humanities research department of the Institute of Economics in the USSR Academy of Science's Siberian division. One year later, he became a professor and chair of the history department at Novosibirsk University.
Historian and collector of Russian graphic arts and engravings. After receiving his law degree in 1844, Rovisky began to publish articles on the Academy of Art during the reign of Catherine II and the Russian school of icon painting. His work on Russian engravers won him the Uvarov Prize in 1864, and he was elected to the St. Petersburg Academy of Arts in 1870. After spending 25 years researching Russian popular prints, Rovinsky published an illustrated work that highlighted prints from his own collection, and placed them in their social and cultural context of 17th-19th century Russia.
Michelangelo- and modernist art historian; Benjamin Franklin professor of art at University of Pennsylvania, 1975-1991. Steinberg was born in Moscow of German-Jewish parents (his mother was Anyuta Esselson [Steinberg], 1890-1954) and his father, Isaac Nachman Steinberg (1888-1957), government figure and lawyer in revolutionary Russia. Lenin appointed Steinberg's father commissar of justice. His idealism, (he wanted to abolish the prison system, for example) forced the family into exile in Berlin, where the younger Steinberg grew up.
Historian and archaeologist of Russian art, conservator and museum director. A student of Timofey Granovsky at the Moscow University, Zabelin's early years were spent in the Kremlin Armory (1837-59). Here he wrote his early monograph on metalwork (1853). In 1859 he joined the St. Petersburg Archaeological Commission, serving until 1876. Between 1879-1888 he was Chair of the Society of Russian History and Antiquity, Moscow University. During that period, he also accepted the position of director of the History Museum (in Moscow) 1883-1908.