Entries tagged with "Madrid, Spain"

Historian of prehistoric art, museologist, archaeologist specializing in Levantine art. Almagro Basch was the son of a veterinarian Doroteo Almagro Sevilla (1860-1944) and Josefa Zapater (Basch). He began his studies at the Escuela de Tramacastilla and received his bachelor’s degree from the Colegio de los Padres Escolapios de Albarracín. He earned a scholarship at the Universidad de Valencia (1928-1930) and at the Universidad de Madrid where he was granted a degree in Filosofia y Letras (Philosophy and Letters) in 1932 and in Derecho (Law) in 1934.

Historian of medieval and Renaissance art; among the key group of German art historians to recast the conception of the middle ages in their scholarship. The son of a salesman, Beenken studied in Freiburg and Munich, the latter where he wrote his dissertation under Heinrich Wölfflin on the topic of Enlightenment sculpture, Die allgemeine Gestaltungsproblem in der Baukunst des deutschen Klassizismus (1920). Afterward he turned his attention toward German sculpture of the Middle Ages. His habilitation Die Rottweiler: eine deutsche Bildhauerschule des 14.

Professor, museum director, founder of Goya. José Camón Aznar received his bachelor’s degree from the Escuelas Pias de Zaragoza, where his uncle, Reverend Desiderio Aznar, and his brother, Angel Aznar, were professors. He then graduated from the University of Zaragoza with a law degree. There he studied under Spanish writer Domingo Miral y Lopez (1872-1942) and Andres Jimenez Soler (1869- 1938). In 1927, he became the Chair of the Teoría de la literatura y de las artes (Theory of Literature and Arts) department at the University of Salamanca.

Academic and painter; wrote dictionary of Spanish art historians in the manner of Vasari. The son of don Francisco Ceán Bermudez and doña Manuela Maria de Cifuentes, Ceán Bermudez was primarily educated in his hometown of Gijón moving to Oviedo where he obtained his baccalaureat in philosophy from a Jesuit college. As his father could not afford sending his son to the university, Ceán Bermúdez put himself in the service of Gaspar de Jovellanos (1744-1811). Jovellanos (who was only five years older than himself), just as the latter was finishing his studies in Alcalá de Henares (1765).

Art historian, educational theorist, professor and El Greco scholar; co-founder of Summa artis, historia general del arte. The son of Patricio Bartolomé Flores, a judge, and of Natalia Cossío Salinas, Cossío studied at the Colegio El Escorial and at the Instituto de Ávila where he obtained his baccalaureate in 1871. He attended the Central University in Madrid enrolling in philosophy and literature courses and studying art history and archeology. Many Spanish intellectuals were under the influence of the German philosopher Karl Krauss (1781-1832).

Author of an early biography of Spanish artists. Díaz del Valle was a singer and court personage in the Capilla Real and Chaplain to Charles II of Spain. There he met many of the court painters, including Diego Velázquez, Sebastián de Herrera Barnuevo, Pedro de la Torre and Juan Escalante. His avocation was writing, though his works remained in manuscript. He wrote a three-volume history, Noticia histórica del principio de la Inquisición y la historia y nobleza del Reino de León y Principado de Asturias.

Spanish art historian and university professor. Originally from the capital of Aragon, Gállego developed an affinity for the law, which led him to study law. Later, though, he discovered that the study of art was where he would apply his skills. Gállego received his doctorate in Art History at the Sorbonne University, Paris. There, he would meet Pablo Picasso, whose work inspired various texts (Picasso: suite Vollard, De Velázquez a Picasso: crónicas de París, 1954-1973). Gállego remained in Paris until 1970. In Spain, he worked as a professor at the Complutense University of Madrid.

Author, art critic. Gaya Nuño was born in Tardelcuende, Spain to Antonio Gaya Tovar (1876-1936) and Gregoria Nuño Ortega. His father came from a wealthy family of physicians with republican ideals. In 1920, his family moved to Soria where he earned his bachelor’s degree at the Instituto de Soria. He earned a degree in Filosofia y Letras (Philosophy and Letters) from the Universidad Central de Madrid in 1932. He defended his thesis El románico en la provincia de Soria (Romanesque in the Province of Soria) in 1934.

Historian, archeologist, professor of art history; consolidated the reputation of Spanish art history within the country. His father, the descendant of a noble family which had established itself in Granada in the seventeenth century, was a painter and archeologist and a tireless traveler.

Architectural- and art historian. Gómez-Moreno was the daughter of the famous art historian Manuel Gómez-Moreno Martínez Manuel Gómez-Moreno Martínez and followed in his footsteps. She went to la Universidad Central and studied philosophy and literature. She was then licensed in “Ciencias Historicas" and became an assistant professor at the Instituto Escuela de Madrid in 1924. She traveled to Tunisia, Malta, Egypt, Crete, Cypress, Palestine, Turkey, Greece, Italy and Sicily in 1933.

Historian of Spanish art, particularly Goya. Lafuente was a disciple of Manuel Gómez Moreno. He was a professor at the Universidad Complutense y de la Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando In Madrid. His Breve historia de la pintura española (Brief History of Spanish Painting) appeared in 1934. In 1935 he published de La pintura española del s XVII.

Architect, restorator, archeologist. Lampérez was born into a wealthy family of Aragonese descent. He studied at the Instituto de Zaragoza (Institute of Zaragoza) and earned his BA at the Escuela de Bellas Artes de Zaragoza (School of Fine Arts of Zaragoza) in 1879. After obtaining his degree in architecture from the Escuela Superior de Arquitectura de Madrid (Superior School of Architecture of Madrid) in 1885, he began working under the architect and archaeologist Ricardo Velazquez Bosco (1843-1923) to restore the Cathedral of Leon.

Author of the first Prado catalog and Director of the Museo de Arte Moderno, Madrid, 1885-1898. Madrazo was the son of the painter José de Madrazo y Agudo (1781-1859). He studied law in Spain before contemporary art in Paris. Madrazo published articles of art criticism in El artista in 1835 and 1836 before returning to Madrid in 1840, continuing to contribute to the journals El laberinto, El español and No me olvides. Madrazo was commissioned to write the first permanent holdings catalog for the Museo del Prado which was published in 1843.

Spanish professor, historian, and academic who concentrated in research regarding Mudejar art, ceramics, and the city of Toledo at large (La Virgen del Prado y la cerámica de Talavera de la Reina, La loza dorada). After graduating with a B.A. in History from the Universidad Complutense in Madrid, she achieved a law degree there as well. She achieved her doctorate in history, also at the Complutense University, with a thesis covering Mudejar art from Toledo.

Archaeologist and historian of classical and ancient Spanish art. Alinari came from a prominent Spanish family, receiving most of his education in Madrid. He was hired as an assistant in the archives department of Madrid's Museo Arqueologico. After being appointed head of the department in 1884, Alinari began cataloguing objects in preparation for the construction of a room in the museum dedicated to the display of ancient Spanish art. As an expert in antiquities, his knowledge and scholarship were in high demand.

Medievalist; Director General of Bellas Artes, Spain, from 1931-1933 and 1936. Orueta was the son of Francisca Duarte Cardenal (1837-1882), and Domingo de Orueta Aguirre (1833-1895) a naturalist and geologist. He was raised in Málaga, Spain where he studied painting at the Escuela de Bellas Artes (School of Fine Arts). He studied under Joaquín Martínez de la Vega (1846-1905) and worked closely with the painter Denis Belgrano (1844-1918).

Wrote El Parnaso español pintoresco laureado, an early biographical account of Spanish painters. Palomino's family moved to Córdoba when he was ten. He was prepared for the priesthood and taught drawing and painting. Under the guidance of Juan de Valdés Leal and Juan de Alfaro y Gómez, a former pupil of Diego Velázquez, he was recommend to Madrid in 1678 to work under Juan Carreño de Miranda and Claudio Coello. He also studied mathematics at the Jesuit Colegio Imperial by Fray Jacob Kresa.

Historian of Spanish painting from the 17th-19th centuries and museum director. Salas began studying art history at the Universidad de Barcelona, and later studied in Vienna and Berlin. He was appointed Professor of Art History at the Universidad Compultense de Madrid, and attended the salons of the Academia Breve de Critica de Arte in 1946-7, organized by Eugene d'Ors. In 1947, Salas moved to London, and wrote for the magazine Goya about museum collections. He completed monographs on Vel'squez and Goya, and published articles in several Spanish journals.

Architect, archaeologist, responsible for major restorations of Alhambra and Generalife. Torres Balbás was the son of the Spanish geographer and historian Rafael Torres Campos (1853-1904) and Victorina Balbás. Torres Balbás obtained his bachelor’s degree from the Instituto Cardenal Cisneros de Madrid where he worked with his father’s friend and Spanish art historian Manuel Bartolome Cossio (1857-1935). Beginning in 1910, he attended the Escuela Superior de Arquitectura de Madrid (Superior School of Architecture of Madrid) and earned his degree in architecture in 1916.