Entries tagged with "Austria"

Classical art scholar and director of the DAI, 1984-. Andreae graduated from the university at Marburg in 1956, where he studied under Friedrich Matz (1890-1974). His thesis focused on the iconography of patrimony in Roman sarcofagi. Between 1956 and 1959 he was assistant professor at the DAI or German archaeological Institute in Rome contributing frequently to the Archaeologische Anzeiger.

Iconographic approach.

Vienna-School art historian, Netherlandish specialist and Director of the Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna. Baldass studied in Graz, Halle (under Adolph Goldschmidt) and Munich before gaining his degree at the University in Vienna. His thesis, written under Max Dvořák and accepted in 1911, was on portraiture of the Emperor Maximilian. Baldass joined the Kunsthistorisches Museum in Vienna the same year, eventually being appointed curator in 1918. He married Paula Wagner, granddaughter of the architect Otto Wagner (1841-1918).

Museum curator; author of first modern comprehensive catalog of prints, Le Peintre-graveur. Bartsch was the son of a court official of Prince Starhemberg of Austria. He studied academic subjects at the University in Vienna and then drawing and engraving at Viennese Academy of Arts (Kupferstecherakademie) under Jacob Schmuzer (1733-1811). From 1777-1781 he worked in the Imperial Library, cataloging books. Between 1783-4 he was sent to Paris with the print collection's registrar, Paul Strattmann, to acquire the print collection of the Johann Anton de Peters (1725-1795).

Author of a history of Greek and Roman artists. Bartsch was the son of the more famous, Adam von Bartsch. From 1814 onwards he assisted his father in the imperial library collection of prints. In 1818 he published a catalog of his father's collection, the Catalogue des estampes de J. Adam de Bartsch. He succeeded his father at the imperial print collection in 1827. In 1835 Bartsch issued a history of artists of the classical Greek and Roman era, Chronologie der griechischen und römischen Künstler. Like his father, too, he was an etcher.

Early collector of Egon Schiele, wrote a memoir of the artist. Benesch was a railroad administrator in Vienna for the southern line. Although the position was not a particularly lucrative one, he collected contemporary Austrian art. Early on he befriended the Austrian expressionist artist Egon Schiele and became one of his earliest patrons. Schiele painted a combined portrait of him and his son in 1913 (Doppelbildnis H. Benesch und Sohn, Neue Galerie der Stadt Linz, Wolfgang Gurlitt Museum, Inventory 12).

Rembrandt scholar and director of the Albertina 1947-61. Benesch's father was the art collector Heinrich Benesch. Among the elder Benesch's friends was the Austrian Expressionist Egon Schiele. A double portrait of father and son, painted by Schiele in 1913, is owned by the Wolfgang-Gurlitt-Museum in Linz, Austria. The younger Benesch studied art history at the University of Vienna and a semester in Stockholm under Johnny Roosval. Around 1919 he assisted Frederick Antal in organizing the Museum of Fine Arts in Budapest.

Classicist art historian. Benndorf studied under the archaeologist/philologist Friedrich Gottlieb Welcker (1784-1868), the pottery scholar Otto Jahn and the classicist Friedrich Ritschl (1806-1876) at Bonn. He wrote his habilitationschrift in 1868 under Friedrich Wieseler (1811-1892) in Göttingen. During a brief position teaching at Schulpforte, Germany, his pupils included the young Friedrich Nietzsche (1844-1900).

Wickhoff student (?), illuminated manuscripts specialist.

Museum director of Austrian art museums. Ernst Heinrich Buschbeck was born to Helene (née Marbach) and Alfred Buschbeck, the father from a prestigious military family. Buschbeck graduated from the Schottengymnasium in Vienna and after a compulsory year of military service 1907-1908, he studied philosophy and jurisprudence at Lausanne and Vienna.  By 1910 he had switched to history and art history, attending lectures in the universities of Berlin (under Heinrich Wölfflin), Halle and Vienna.

Director of the Museum of Modern Art, New York, 1949-1967. d'Harnoncourt was born into a wealthy Viennese family, Count Hubert and Julie Mittrowsky d'Harnoncourt. The family moved to Graz, where he initially intended on a career as a chemist, studying at the university in Graz. He moved to the Technische Hochschule in Vienna in 1922, writing a thesis on creosote content in the coal of Yugoslavia, but without graduating. When the family fortuned declined after World War I, d'Harnoncourt moved to Mexico in 1925 to seek employment as a chemist.

University of Vienna Byzantinist and San Marco scholar. Demus's father, Carl Demus, was a physician. His father was killed early during the First World War and the younger Demus partially supported of his family as an adolescent. He entered the University of Vienna in 1921 during the time of the historic (and bitter) split between the faculty of Josef Rudolf Thomas Strzygowski, and Julius Alwin von Schlosser. The rivalry between these two men was such that studying with both was impossible.

Byzantinist, Josef Rudolf Thomas Strzygowski student and professor at Bryn Mawr College, 1939-1943. 1919 Lecturer, University of Vienna; 1926-1939 professor at Bryn Mawr; 1939-1943 returned to Vienna; Associate Professor, 1943-1949 first professor of art history in Ankara. Together with Curt Glaser and Ernst Grosse, Diez established the theoretic foundation for Asian art in the German-speaking world (Metzler).

Art historian of the Italian Renaissance; student of Wickhoff; after his untimely death, Wickhoff edited his dissertation for publication. Dollmayr's 1898 remarks that the study of Hieronymous Bosch should focus on his view of eschatology were the inspiration for a study of Bosch by Ludwig von Baldass in 1943.

University of Vienna professor of Josef Rudolf Thomas Strzygowski's competing art history school. Specialist in carpets.

One of the pillars of "Vienna-School" of art history; employed a Geistesgeschichte methodology (cf. Dilthey). Dvořák was the son of a archivist and librarian for the Palace of Roudnice, Bohemia. He began his education in Prague, migrating to Vienna in 1895 where he completed a doctorate in history at the Institut für österreichische Geschichtsforschung in 1897 in Vienna. While in Vienna he became intrigued with the works of Aloïs Riegl and Franz Wickhoff the latter also a graduate of the Institut.

Numismatist, director of the medals collection of the Kunsthistorisches Museum in Vienna; assisted in Nazi looting of art treasures. Though he had not been previously politically active, Dworschak joined the Nazi party (NSDAP) at the annexation (Anschluss) of Austria in 1938, perhaps at the instigation of Rudolf Noll, an assistant in the antiquity section of the Museum, and was appointed director of the Münzkabinet (medals collection) of the Kunsthistorisches Museum in 1940.

Vienna School historian. He collaborated with the classicist art historian Christian Karl Friedrich Hülsen on the edited facsimile of the notebook of Martin van Heemskerk's important drawings of Rome. Egger's Ph.D. students included Walter Frodl.

Fruedian art theorist

Specialist in ancient Greek and Roman art, particularly sculpture and bronze statuary. Curator of varying rank at the Kunsthistorischen Museums, Vienna, beginning in 1915, and director of the Antiquities Collection, 1935-1952. Professor of Classical Archaeology at the University of Vienna (1953-1961), and director of the österreichische archäologische Institut (Austrian Archaeological Institute, or öAI) from 1953 to 1969.

Director of the Picture Gallery of the Academy of Fine Arts (Akademie der Bildenden Künste) 1926-29, 33-65, Vienna. Eigenberger studied art history at the universities of Prague, Munich and Göttingen, receiveing his Ph.D., in 1913 in Berlin. He served in the First World War (1915-16). After working in the cultural monuments division of the Austrian Ministry of Culture, he was curator (Kustos) at the Picture Gallery of the Academy of Fine Arts in 1922. He was made director in 1926.

Early academic art historian; founder and first chair of art history (Ordinarius) at the University of Vienna (1851) and founder of the österreiches Museum für Kunst und Industrie. Eitelberger was the son of an Austrian military officer. He studied law in Olmütz in 1832 before changing to Romance philology in which he gained his degree under Julius von Ficker (1826-1902). He lectured in philology between 1839-1848 at the University in Vienna. In the 1840s he started making connections with art collectors, such as Joseph Daniel Böhm (1794-1865), director of the Graveurakademie am k. k.

architect; worked on a history of world architecture which was based more on conjecture than source material of the time

Professor of Italian Renaissance art. The son of a Jewish craftsman, Fehl grew up in Vienna. After the annexation of Austria, Fehl fled first to England and then, in July 1940, to the United States. He studied painting at the School of the Art Institute of Chicago, but volunteered for war service. Fehl was an interrogator for the United States Army at the Nuremberg Trials 1946-47. He returned to study art history with Ulrich Middeldorf at the University of Chicago.

Austrian Architect and art historian who produced the first universal history of architecture. Fischer was born in Graz, Austria, in 1656 to parents from notable local families. His father, Johann Baptist Fischer, was a provincial sculptor who had contributed to a number of local buildings in Graz including the Landhaus — the seat of the Styrian local government — and the nearby castle of the Eggenberg family. It was in his father’s workshop that Johann Bernhard received his early training as a sculptor.