Collector and collaborator on catalogs of German and Netherlandish paintings with his brother Sulpiz. Melchior came from an old wealthy family who hoped he would become a scientist and his older brother, Sulpiz Boisserée, run the family business. The two were raised during the Napoleonic occupation of Cologne. Through his friend Johann B. Bertram he and Sulpiz became interested in art and especially that of the medieval era, a period well represented by the so-called Cologne school of painting, though much under appreciated.
Entries tagged with "Cologne, Germany"
Collector and architectural historian, who, with his brother, Melchior, introduced a romantic conception to art history. Sulpiz came from an old wealthy family who hoped he would follow in the family business (and that his brother, Melchior Boisserée, would become a scientist). The two were raised during the Napoleonic occupation of Cologne. Sulpiz attended school in Hamburg but returned to Cologne in 1799. Through his friend Johann B.
Berlin art historian and early exponent of the study of Baroque art. Brinckmann's father was an architect; the younger Brinckmann learned the elements of architecture as a youth. He studied art history and archaeology at the universities of Munich and Berlin. He wrote his dissertation under Heinrich Wölfflin. His dissertation employs methodology of developmentalism and psychology of his mentor. In 1909 he became an assistant at the Technische Hochschule in Aachen, completing his habilitation a year later on Renaissance city planning, dedicated to Wölfflin.
Collector, historian, and scholar of Modernist art and literature, particularly of sculpture. Carola Welcker was born in Cologne in 1893 to German banker Carl Welcker (1848-1928) and his American wife, Mary Legien (1865-1919). Welcker began studying art history at the University of Munich in 1915 under Heinrich Wölfflin. While studying at Munich, she met fellow student Sigfried Giedion, a prominent architectural historian, whom she married in 1919, adopting the surname Giedion-Welcker.
Scholar of Greek and Roman architecture and sculpture. Kähler studied classical archaeology and art history at the university of Freiburg im Breisgau. He wrote his dissertation under Hans Dragendorff in 1929. After securing a travel stipend from the DAI (Deutsches Archäologisches Institut or Geman Archaeological Institute) Kähler spent 1930-31 in France, Spain, Greece, Rome and Asia Minor.
Originally trained and active as an architect, Krischen was nonetheless a student of Theodor Wiegand and Robert Koldewey, and after active work in excavation campaigns prior to World War I, became a professor of archaeology and art history at the Technical University of Aachen (1919-1924) and the Technical University of Danzig (1924-1945). An accomplished illustrator, Krischen was also well known for his artistic recreations of ancient life (Ein Festtag am Hofe des Königs Minos, 1921).
Useful arts and modernist art historian. Elisabeth Moses was born in 1893 in Cologne, Germany. Her father, Dr. Salli Moses was an otolaryngologist in private hospital practice in Cologne. Her mother, Luise “Lucie" Rothschild (Moses), worked on board of the Cologne Association of Jewish nurses. Elizabeth Moses began her studies at the unique Humanistisches Mädchengymnasium am Marienplatz (humanistic girls' high school) in Cologne, a manifestation of the women’s movement there. A classmate was the later art historian Luise Straus.
Art critic, journalist, and prolific author with expertise in modern art and architecture, German literature and theater, and Berlin’s history and architecture. He used the pseudonym Heinrich Garbel. Max Osborn was born in Cologne, Germany in 1870 to a father who was a banker and Clotilde Cohn (Osborn). Osborn studied in Cologne at Apostelgymnasium. In 1881, he moved with his family to Berlin, where he continued his studies at Wilhelms-Gymnasium. He received his abitur there in 1888.
Specialist in ancient Greek and Roman art, particularly vase painting and Greek wall painting. Rumpf was the son of the artist Fritz Rumpf. Rumpf was editor of the influential Griechische und römische Kunst (1932, part of the Einleitung in der Altertumswissenschaft series). Professor at the University of Cologne (Institut für Klassische Archëologie) (1928-1960). Upon his retirement in 1960 he was succeeded at the University at Cologne by Heinz Kähler.
Museum curator and professor with expertise in East Asian art, art of the Eurasian steppes, and Chinese jades. Alfred Salmony was born in Cologne, Germany in 1890. From 1912-1920, Salmony studied art history and archaeology in Bonn and Vienna under Paul Clemen and Josef Strzygowski. His studies were interrupted from 1914-1917 due to his cavalry service in World War I. He was conferred his degree under Clemen and completed his dissertation, Europa - Ostasien.
Museum director, exponent of modern art. Schmalenbach’s father, Eugen Schmalenbach (1873-1955), was a professor at Cologne in business studies. His mother was Marianne Sachs (1875-1956). The younger Schmalenbach graduated from a Realgymnasium in 1928 and studied art history, archaeology and history at the universities of Berlin under Edmund Hildebrandt, Freibug, Cologne under Albert Brinckmann, and Munich.
Straus was born to a middle-class Jewish family. She married Max Ernst in 1918. Her husband soon began an affair with Gala Eluard (who later married Salvador Dali). The couple divorced and she continued with her art history career, caring as well for their son. The ascension of the Nazis to Germany in 1933 caused Straus to flee to Paris where she remained and later had a comfortable life in the countryside. She sent her son to London in 1938. After France's fall to the Nazis in 1940 Jews were again being arrested there. Straus attempted to leave France herself.
Northern medieval/renaissance architectural historian; Director of the Hertziana. Metternich studied at the Universität Bonn, writing his dissertation on what would become his life's subject, the art and architecture of the northern renaissance in the Rhine region. Between 1928 and 1951 he was responsible for conservation of monuments in the Rhineland. Metternich returned to his alma mater to teach conservation beginning in 1933, achieving honorary professor status in 1939.
University of Uppsala professor 1965-1977. Zeitler's parents were Eugen Zeitler (1880-1922), an engineer, and Elsa Kühn (Zeitler) (1884-1922). Both parents were killed in a mountaineering accident in Berchtesgaden when Zeitler was ten; he was subsequently raised by his maternal grandfather in Kaiserslautern, Germany. He attended the Cologne and Kaiserslautern high schools (gymnasium) graduating in 1930. The same year he began study of history and art history in Munich, Marburg (under Richard Hamann), and Berlin.