Entries tagged with "Greek sculpture styles"

Private art scholar and dealer of ancient Greek sculpture and portraits. Son of an affluent merchant in Mecklenburg, Arndt studied classical art with Johannes Overbeck in Leipzig and Enrico Brunn in Munich. His dissertation, written under Brunn, focused on Greek vase types. He never attempted a habilitationschrift. Brunn took Arndt for his assistant. Because of his financial independence, Arndt could afford to remain a private scholar.

Greek sculpture scholar and Yates Professor of Classical Archaeology, University of London, 1929-1948. Ashmole was the son of an auctioneer, William Ashmole, and Sarah Caroline Wharton Tiver (Ashmole). He was related to Elias Ashmole (1617-1692), the namesake of the Ashmolean Museum, Oxford, for which Ashmole would one day work. After attending Forest School (1903-1911) he was admitted to Hertford College, Oxford, in 1913 awarded the Essex Scholarship in Classics. However, Britain entered into World War I the following year and Ashmole joined the 11th Royal Fusiliers.

Architect and architectural historian; first to launch the controversy regarding whether Greek sculpture had been painted during ancient times. Blouet studied architecture under Pierre-Jules-Nicolas Delespine (1756-1825) at the école des Beaux-Arts, Paris in 1817. In 1821 he was awarded the Prix de Rome. In Rome, Blouet worked closely with Antoine Quatremère de Quincy, completing drawings for the restoration of ancient monuments.

Major scholar of the Parthenon sculpture; associated with the Nazi years of the DAI. During the years when the DAI (Deutsches Archäologisches Institut) in Athens was under Nazi control, he served there under Walther Wrede. He received his Ph.D., from the University of Munich. In 1956 he edited the Corpus vasorum antiquorum volumes of the holdings at the Schloss Fasanerie, Adolphseck. Beginning in 1963, Brommer undertook a systematic publication of the entire Parthenon sculpture.

Historian of modern sculpture and ancient Greece; studied effect of technique upon style in Greek art. Casson attended Merchant Taylors School and Lincoln and St. John's College, Oxford, initially studying anthropology before changing to archaeology. His major area was Hellenism. He was appointed assistant director of the British School in Athens in 1919, which he held until 1922. As editor of the Catalogue of the Acropolis Museum, the set appeared the same year. In 1927 he was made a reader at Oxford University. He was Special Lecturer in Art, Bristol University in 1931.

Archaeologist and art historian of ancient Greek sculpture. Collignon studied in Paris at the École normale supérieure beginning in 1868 under Georges Perrot. He was appointed professor of rhetoric in 1872 at Chambery teaching French literature. In 1873 he was made a member of the École française d'Athènes (French School of Athens) under the direction of Albert Dumont. In 1876 he traveled with the Abbe [Louis] Duchesne (1843-1922), the future director of the French School of Rome, to Asia minor making notes and drawings.

Director of antique sculpture at Berlin Museum 1877-1887; brought Pergamon altar to Berlin. Conze was the son of a cavalry officer. He initially studied law at the university in Göttingen before changing to classics. His dissertation was written under Eduard Gerhard in Berlin in 1855. Conze made trips to Paris and London and was particularly inspired by the Elgin Marbles. He was appointed Professor (Extraordinarius) at University of Halle in 1863, moving to the University of Vienna in 1869 (through 1877).

Greek and Roman sculpture scholar, early professor of Archaeology and Ancient History at University of Göttingen. Heyne studied at the university in Leipzig where he heard courses by Johann Friedrich Christ. Heyne was a prominent critic of Johann Joachim Winckelmann.

Specialist in classical greek sculpture. Particularly concerned with the differentiation between the High and Late Hellenistic periods. Called to a professorship in Classical Archaeology at the University of Göttingen in 1941, but did not assume the position until 1945, in the meantime serving in the Foreign Office during World War II. Educated many future archaeologists and art historians of classical Greece, although not affiliated or responsible for a particular "school" or method.

Self-educated archaeologist who discovered the Pergamon altar and later led the excavation. Humann was an innkeeper's son. He studied engineering until a diagnosis of tuberculosis necessitated a move to a southern European climate. He worked as a surveyor in Turkey assigned to the railway and road construction departments. There, Humann gained a personal familiarity with the classical-era ruins. In 1878 he began excavating the site of Pergamon, secretly supported with funds from Alexander Conze.

Connoisseur art historian; critic of the Elgin marbles debate. Knight was the grandson of a Shropshire ironmaster, Richard Knight, whose fortune he inherited. His parents were Thomas Knight, a clergyman, and his mother, his father's onetime servant girl, Ursula Nash. Knight was educated at home. He made many trips to Italy during his youth, collecting coins and antique bronzes. In 1774 he inherited the Downton Castle property, on which he built a "castle" beginning in 1772, transforming the grounds into an important example of British landscape architecture of the time.

Historian of ancient Greek sculpture and architecture and the history of fortifications. Lawrence's older brother was the medieval scholar and popular desert hero T. E. Lawrence ("Lawrence of Arabia") (1888-1935), under whose shadow the younger Lawrence remained. Like his brothers, A. W. Lawrence was conceived out of wedlock, a huge stigma at the time. Their parents were Sir Thomas Robert Tighe Chapman (1846-1919) and Sarah Junner (1861-1959) who assumed the names "Thomas Robert Lawrence" and "Sarah Lawrence" to raise their children jointly.

Architectural and sculpture historian of classical Greece and Rome; specialist bronze statuary; NYU professor, 1935-1960. Lehmann was raised Lutheran from cultured parents were of Jewish ancestry. His father was a Professor of Law. Lehmann studied under Ferdinand Noack at Tübingen, under Heinrich Wölfflin in Munich, as well as Göttingen in the years directly before World War I. During the war he served in the Red Cross for Germany and as an interpreter for the Turkish navy, the latter giving him access to much of Asia Minor.

Historian of ancient Greek and Roman sculpture; professor at the University in Strasbourg, 1872-1910. Michaelis' uncle was the classical art historian Otto Jahn, who first interested him in ancient studies. Michaelis began classical studies in philology and archaeology from in 1853 at the university in Leipzig. In addition to his uncle, he also attended classes in Leipzig under Johannes Overbeck. He traveled to Berlin where he further studied with Gerhard Böckh (1785-1867) and Ernst Curtius.

Specialist in ancient Greek art and sculpture. Lecturer in Archaeology at the University of Vienna (1919-1923), then Professor at the German University of Prague (1923-1930) and Vienna (1930-1949). Director of the Austrian Archaeological Institute 1935-1938.

Specialist in ancient Greek and Roman art, particularly provincial Roman artifacts and relief sculptures of Pergamon. He was born in Windisch-Landsberg, Steiermark, Slovenia, or present day Podcetrek, Slovenia. Lecturer (1921-1927) and a.o. Professor (1927-1935) at the University of Vienna, Professor at the University of Graz (1935-1945).

University of Chicago art history professor, specialist in Greek sculpture and architecture. Scranton was the son of a physician. He graduated from Mount Union College in Alliance, Ohio, and received his master's degree (1934) and doctorate (1939) both from the University of Chicago. In both instances his topic was on ancient Greek fortifications. Between 1934-38, he studied at the American School of Classical Studies in Athens. He joined the faculty of Emory University in 1947.

Museum director, wrote early history of Greek sculpture. Together with T.-B. Éméric-David he collaborated to further alter the assumption that Greek sculpture of the 5th and 4th centuries was an era of decline, as Johann Joachim Winckelmann had written.

Specialist in ancient Greek art and sculpture, and active archaeologist in Asia Minor, particularly at the Pergamon site. Wiegand excavated sites in Asia Minor with Hubert Knackfuss. Director of the antiquity section of the Prussian Museum in Berlin, 1911-1931. His students include Gerda Bruns.