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Rodríguez Prampolini, Ida

    Full Name: Rodríguez Prampolini, Ida

    Gender: female

    Date Born: 24 September 1925

    Date Died: 26 July 2017

    Home Country/ies: Mexico

    Subject Area(s): Mexican, nineteenth century (dates CE), Surrealist, and twentieth century (dates CE)

    Institution(s): Instituto Veracruzano de Cultura


    Professor at the UNAM. Rodríguez Prampolini was born in Veracruz in 1926 to Carlos Rodriguez Mendoza, the director of the regional hospital of Veracruz, and Ida Prampolini who came from Italian descent. She obtained her masters in world history from the Facultad de Filosofía y Letras de la Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (Autonomous National University of Mexico (UNAM)) and earned her doctorate from that same institute in 1948 while graduating with magna cum laude honors. Her mentors included Francisco de la Maza (1913-1972), Manuel Toussaint (1890-1955), and Justino Fernandez(1904-1972) who encouraged her to compile a work on nineteenth-century art criticism. After her graduation, she was awarded a scholarship by the Mexican government to complete her post doctorate in art history at the Escuela de Verano de la Universidad de Santander, Spain. She remained in Spain to study abstract art at the Escuela de Altamira de Santillana del Mar. In Spain, she met Mathim Goeritz (1915-1990) who she later married. Throughout the 1950s, she continued her studies abroad at McGill University and at the universities of Perugia and Bologna. Starting in 1957, she was a researcher at the Instituto de Investigaciones Estéticas de la UNAM. Throughout the 1960s, she published her most important works, El arte contemporáneo: esplendor y agonía, La crítica en México en el siglo XIX, and El surrealismo y el arte fantástico de México. She was named Adjunct Professor at the UNAM and worked alongside Justino Fernandez. Furthermore, she released important pieces on Mexican artists including that of Pedro Friedeberg (1936-). In the early 1970s she founded a school in the rural municipality of Tlayacapan. Towards the end of her career, she focused on recovering indigenous art in her hometown of Veracruz. She was the first director of the Instituto Veracruzano de Cultura from 1987 to 1993 and founded fifty-seven cultural centers, 11 museums, and 2 art schools. Her last work analyzed Mexican muralism. She was named to the Academic Mexicana de Historia in 1988 and a year later to the Real Academia Española de Historia. The Universidad Cristobal Colon awarded her the Calasanz Medal. She was a member of the Academic Mexicana de Historia and of the Union Academique International of Brussels and was given the title Professor Emeritus of the Sistema Nacional de Investigadores.

    Rodríguez Prampolini dedicated her life to the preservation of historical and artistic heritage. Her more than 400 publications and her role in establishing numerous cultural institutions mark her as an essential figure in contemporary Mexican culture.

    Selected Bibliography

    • La crítica de arte en México en el siglo XIX. México, 1964;
    • Pedro friedeberg. México: UNAM, DGP, 1973;
    • Una década de crítica de arte. México: Secretaría Educación Pública, 1974;
    • and Juan O’Gorman. Juan O’Gorman: arquitecto y pintor. México: Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, 1982;
    • El arte contemporáneo: esplendor y agonía. México: Instituto de Investigaciones Estéticas, 2006;
    • and Raúl Arias Lovillo, Consuelo Sáizar, Teresa Vicencio Alvarez, Narro R, José, and Joaquín Díez-Canedo. Muralismo mexicano, 1920-1940. Xalapa, Veracruz; México, D.F.: Universidad Veracruzana ; Instituto Nacional de Bellas Artes y Literatura: Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México : Fondo de Cultura Económica, 2012.


    • Aguirre Agencias y Roxana. “Fallece Ida Rodríguez Prampolini, Académica y Fundadora Del IVEC” La Jornada Veracruz, July 27, 2017;
    • Cardenas, Rocio. “Ida Rodríguez Prampolini 1925-2017.”  Art Nexus, December, 2018, 36;
    • “Falleció La Investigadora Ida Rodríguez Prampolini.”  El Universal, Jul 27, 2017;
    • González Rosas, Blanca. “Ida Rodríguez Prampolini (1925-2017).” Proceso, July 30, 2017, 65ff.;
    • “Rinden Homenaje a La Humanista Ida Rodríguez Prampolini.”  La Jornada, November 19, 2011;
    • “Rendirá IVEC homenaje a su fundadora Ida Rodríguez Prampolini.” Referente, September 22, 2016;
    • “Instituciones Preparan Homenaje a Ida Rodríguez Prampolini.” Notimex, July 27, 2017;
    • Roberto Ponce. “Adiós a la historiadora Ida Rodríguez Prampolini (1925-2017).” Proceso July 26, 2017;
    • Río, Rosa. “Ida Rodríguez Prampolini.” Actual, October 1998, 106+. Gale OneFile: Informe Académico’.

    Contributors: Denise Shkurovich


    Denise Shkurovich. "Rodríguez Prampolini, Ida." Dictionary of Art Historians (website).

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