Kuile, E. H., ter

Full Name: 
Kuile, E. H., ter
Other Names: 
E. H. ter Kuile
Date Born: 
1900
Date Died: 
1988
Place Born: 
Ambt-Almelo, Netherlands
Home Country: 
Netherlands
Gender: 
male
Overview: 

Professor of History of Architecture at Delft University of Technology; active at the Netherlands Department for the Conservation of Historic Buildings and Sites. Ter Kuile attended the Gymnasium in Deventer. In 1920 and 1921 he studied architecture, decorative arts, and arts and crafts in Haarlem. In 1922, he became a law student at Leiden University. After one year, he switched to history of art and archaeology, in which field he graduated in 1927. In 1929, he obtained his doctorate with a dissertation on wooden spires in the Northern Netherlands: De houten torenbekroningen in de Noordelijke Nederlanden. During the preparation of his dissertation, supervised by Wilhelm Martin, he worked as a voluntary assistant at the Amsterdam Rijksmuseum. Soon after obtaining his degree, he was appointed curator at the Rijksmuseum Twenthe in Enschede. In 1931, he began his career in the field of documentation and preservation of historic monuments, first at the Rijkscommissie voor de Monumentenzorg, and from 1933 at the Rijksbureau voor de Monumentenzorg, where he served for many years, gradually climbing to higher positions in 1937, 1942, and 1959. As an employee of this latter organization, which had been created in 1918 (from 1947 onwards known as the Rijksdienst voor de Monumentenzorg, i.e., the Netherlands Department for the Conservation of historic Buildings and Sites), he contributed five volumes to the series De Nederlandse Monumenten van Geschiedenis en Kunst. His architectural research led to numerous publications in the Bulletin of the Nederlandse Oudheidkundige Bond (Dutch Antiquarian Association), of which he was the editor for some years. Between 1949 and 1955, he was the president of this association. In 1946 he obtained a teaching position, and subsequently, in 1947, an extraordinarius professorship in the history of architecture at Delft University of Technology. He held his inaugural lecture in October 1947: Het venster in de geschiedenis van de monumentale Westerse architectuur. In addition, between 1949 until 1951, he taught art history, after the retirement of W. A. E. van der Pluym (1879-1960). Ter Kuile also served as the librarian of the department of architecture. The first of two English surveys on sculpture and architecture appeared as the Pelican series Art and Architecture in Belgium: 1600-1800 in1960, co-authored by Horst Gerson. In 1966 he and Seymour Slive and Jakob Rosenberg wrote the accompanying volume for the Netherlands, Dutch Art and Architecture: 1600-1800. These publications led to a wider recognition of his work. His book on Netherlands Romanesque churches appeared in 1975: De Romaanse kerkbouwkunst in de Nederlanden. It covered both the Northern and the Southern Netherlands, including Belgium. The revised second edition of this book was presented to ter Kuile at the age of 82. While most of his work was in Dutch, he occasionally published in French and English. In 1962, he contributed a French article, on the Carolingian churches of Oosterbeek and Tienhoven, to the Festschrift Murk Daniël Ozinga, professor in the history of architecture at Utrecht University. When he retired from Delft University, he was offered a Liber Amicorum: Delftse studiën. His fare well lecture on June 24, 1965 was on Kleurige Architectuur (colorful architecture). Ter Kuile continued publishing after his retirement. His fifth, and last, contribution to the series De Nederlandse Monumenten van Geschiedenis en Kunst appeared in 1974. At the age of 78, he published a study on the architecture of the former residence of the counts of Holland in the Binnenhof at The Hague. His students included C. L. Temminck Groll and J.C. Visser, whose dissertations of 1963 and 1964, respectively, were both on urban architecture in the Middle Ages. Ter Kuile did research on architecture from Antiquity until the nineteenth century. Medieval architecture was one of his favorite fields, in which he published a number of important studies, often on individual monuments. A particularly important study was on the original connection between three churches in Utrecht and the church of St. Lebuinus in Deventer, built under Bishop Bernold of Utrecht (1027-1054). Ter Kuile was attentive to the material and esthetical aspects of buildings and had a strong affinity for the space in architecture.

Selected Bibliography: 
[For a list of his publications until 1965, see:] Kamstra, T. "Publikaties van E.H. ter Kuile" in Delftse studiën, pp. 410-416; [1966-1979:] Bulletin Koninklijke Nederlandse Oudheidkundige Bond 87, 2 (1988) 77. [Dissertation:] De houten torenbekroningen in de Noordelijke Nederlanden; bijdrage tot hun ontwikkelings- en vormgeschiedenis. Leiden, 1929; "Bouwkunst der Nederlanden: 1600-1800" in Algemene kunstgeschiedenis. IV. Utrecht, 1949, pp. 215-221; "De architectuur." in Fockema Andreae, S.J.; Ter Kuile, E.H; Hekker, R.C. Duizend jaar bouwen in Nederland. 2 vols. Amsterdam: Albert de Lange, 1948, pp. 131-386; 1957, pp. 77-194; and Gerson, H. Art and Architecture in Belgium: 1600-1800. The Pelican History of Art 18. Baltimore, MD: Penguin Books, 1960; and Rosenberg, Jakob and Slive, Seymour. Dutch Art and Architecture: 1600-1800. The Pelican History of Art 27. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books, 1966; De Romaanse kerkbouwkunst in de Nederlanden. Zutphen: De Walburg Pers, 1975. "De bouwgeschiedenis van het grafelijk paleis op het Binnenhof" Holland 10 (1978): 313-328. [Book review:] Van den Berg, Herma, M. "Engelbert H. ter Kuile, De Romaanse kerkbouwkunst in de Nederlanden." Bulletin Koninklijke Nederlandse Oudheidkundige Bond (1979): 33-35.
Sources: 
Ter Kuile, G.J. jr. "Engelbert Hendrik ter Kuile. Een biografische studie." in Meischke R. and others (eds.) Delftse studiën. Een bundel historische opstellen over de stad Delft geschreven voor dr. E.H. Ter Kuile naar aanleiding van zijn afscheid als hoogleraar in de geschiedenis van de Bouwkunst. Assen: Van Gorcum, 1967; Temminck Groll, C.L. "In Memoriam Engelbert Hendrik ter Kuile." Bulletin Koninklijke Nederlandse Oudheidkundige Bond 87, 2 (1988) 75,77; Bosman, Lex. "De geschiedenis van de Nederlandse architectuurgeschiedenis: middeleeuwse bouwkunst" in Hecht, Peter; Stolwijk Chris; Hoogenboom, Annemieke (eds.) Kunstgeschiedenis in Nederland.Amsterdam: Prometheus, 1998, pp. 63-87.
Contributors: 
Lee Sorensen; Monique Daniels