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Klein, Wilhelm

    Full Name: Klein, Wilhelm

    Other Names:

    • Wilhelm Klein

    Gender: male

    Date Born: 1850

    Date Died: 1924

    Place Born: Karánsebes, Hungary

    Home Country/ies: Austria

    Subject Area(s): ancient, Ancient Greek (culture or style), archaeology, ceramic ware (visual works), Greek pottery styles, pottery (visual works), vase, and vase paintings (visual works)


    Archeologist and professor at the German University of Prague, 1886-1923; scholar of Greek (especially red-figure) vase painting. Klein studied Jewish theology and then philosophy at the university in Vienna and then Prague. He traveled to Italy and Greece to study archeological sites, where his interests focused on pottery. In 1879 he published on Euphronius, the Greek vase painter named on a pot. Klein was appointed professor of archeology at the University of Prague in 1886. The rising classical religion and art scholar, Jane Ellen Harrison, met him on her tour of the continent and furthering her career by introducing her to Wilhelm Dörpfeld. He was a member of the Gesellschaft zur Förderung deutscher Wissenschaft, Kunst, und Literatur in Böhmen. He was also a member of the German Archeological Institute (DAI). His Die Griechischen Vasen, mit Meisterinschriften appeared in 1883. Praxiteles was published in 1892. Klein’s important study of Attic signatures on vases still serves as the basis for our interpretation of them (Rouet).

    Selected Bibliography

    Geschichte der griechischen Kunst. 3 vols. Leipzig, Veit & comp., 1904-07; Euphronios: eine Studie zur Geschichte der griechischen Malerei. Vienna: Karl Gerold’s Sohn, 1879; Die Griechischen Vasen mit Lieblingsinschriften. Vienna: F. Tempsky, 1890; Die griechischen Vasen mit Meistersignaturen. Vienna: Karl Gerold’s Sohn, 1883; Praxiteles. Leipzig: Verlag von Veit, 1892; Studien zur griechischen Künstlergeschichte. Vienna: Carl Gerol’s Sohn, 1880; Vom antiken Rokoko. Vienna: Österreichische Verlagsgesellschaft/E. Hölzel, 1921.


    Archäologenbildnisse: Porträts und Kurzbiographien von Klassichen Archäologen deutscher Sprache. Reinhard Lullies, ed. Mainz am Rhein: Verlag Philipp von Zabern, 1988: 98-99; [mentioned] Rouet, Philippe. Approaches to the Study of Attic Vases: Beazley and Pottier. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001.

    Contributors: Lee Sorensen


    Lee Sorensen. "Klein, Wilhelm." Dictionary of Art Historians (website).

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