Gilman, Benjamin Ives
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, curator. Proponent of the Arts-and-Crafts notion of museum installation of objects outside their context in order to appreciate their esthetic value more. This idea was opposed by progressive museum directors such as John Cotton Dana (q.v.). Gilman argued that objects are appreciated best when they are removed from their context, where all but their esthetic meaning falls away (Duncan). By viewing them in a pristine environment of the museum, the public could appreciate them in what he described as a secular state of grace.
Museum Ideals: of Purpose and Method. Cambridge, MA: Riverside Press, 1918; Manual of Italian Renaissance Sculpture as Illustrated in the Collection of Casts at the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. Boston: Riverside Press, 1904.
Duncan, Carol. "Cotton Dana's Progressive Museum." in D'souza, Aruna, ed. Self and History: a Tribute to Linda Nochlin. London: Thames & Hudson, 2001, p. 132.