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Gardner, Paul

    Image Credit: National Portrait Gallery

    Full Name: Gardner, Paul

    Other Names:

    • Joseph Paul DeGrasse Gardner

    Gender: male

    Date Born: 1894

    Date Died: 1972

    Place Born: Somerville, Middlesex, MA, USA

    Place Died: Lincoln, NM, USA

    Home Country/ies: United States


    First director of the Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art, Kansas City, MO, 1933-1953. Gardner received a B.A. from MIT and an M.A. in European history from George Washington University. He also studied ballet performance. Gardner entered Harvard University for his Ph.D., taking Paul J. Sachs museum course. While working on his dissertation, he was hired as an assistant to the University of Missouri trustees (the group mandated to establish the new Museum of art by the estate of William Rockhill Nelson) to set up the museum. Before taking on these duties, the board sent Gardner on a tour of Europe to study objects and their installation. Upon returning he assisted in the final arrangments for the Museum which was still under construction. Gardner was advanced to the director position, the museum’s first, in 1933. The same year he hired Otto Wittmann, Jr., to be his registrar, along with Philip C. Beam and Richard B. Freeman. The trustees also appointed Laurence Sickman to be the curator of Oriental art, upon Sickman’s return from his Harvard fellowship in 1935. Gardner made most of his acquisitions through an agent, Harold Woodbury Parsons. Gardner was drafted by the army in 1942 to fight in World War II. He rose to the rank of major, assigned to the Italian theater where he safeguarded art treasures. He resumed his duties as director in 1945. For the next eight years he worked to acquire works and continue the education program. Gardner retired from the Museum in 1953, succeeded by Sickman. He moved to New Mexico in retirement where he died twenty years later at his home near Lincoln, NM, “Los Olmos.”. He never completed his Ph.D.


    Wolferman, Kristie C. The Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art: Culture Comes to Kansas City. Columbia, MO: University of Missouri Press, 1993, pp. 105-113; Will of Probate, Joseph Paul Gardner, Lincoln County, NM, no. 102, 1972; [transcript] Interview with Otto Wittmann, October 25, 1981. Archives of American Art, p. 4-5.


    "Gardner, Paul." Dictionary of Art Historians (website).

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