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Gardner, Julian

    Image Credit: Dumbarton Oaks

    Full Name: Gardner, Julian

    Other Names:

    • Julian Richard Gardner

    Gender: male

    Date Born: 06 May 1940

    Place Born: Dumfries, Dumfries and Galloway, Scotland, UK

    Home Country/ies: United Kingdom

    Subject Area(s): Italian (culture or style), Medieval (European), and painting (visual works)


    Scholar of Italina medieval art; Giotto specialist. Gardner’s parents were John Vincent and Jessie Lamb Walker (Gardner). Gardner graduated from Oxford University in 1961 with a B.A. He obtained a diploma in art history from the University of London in 1964. After a year as a Rivoira fellow in medieval archaeology at the British School at Rome, 1965-1966, he completed an M.A. from Oxford in 1966. He returned to the University of London, teaching as a lecturer at the University’s Courtauld Institute in 1966 while working on his dissertation. In 1967 he married Ann Margaret Stoves (d. 1968), who died the following year. His Ph.D. was granted from the University of London University in 1969 with a dissertation topic on papal patronage in medieval Italy. Gardner met and married fellow art history graduate student at the Courtauld, Christa Freiin Teuffel von Birkensee, in 1973. He continued to lecture at the Courtauld until 1974 when he was appointed Foundation professor history of art, Warwick University, Coventry, England, remaining there his career. He joined the editorial consultative committee of the Burlington Magazine in 1975. He was a Visiting research professor Bibliotheca Hertziana, Max-Planck-Gesellschaft, Rome, 1983 to 1985. Gardner published widely in periodicals but issued no monograph until the 1990s. Tomb and the Tiara: Curial Tomb Sculpture in Rome and Avignon in the Later Middle Ages appeared in 1992. The following year his early collected studies were published. In 1998 he lectured “Giotto in America (and elsewhere)” at the symposium at the National Gallery of Art, Washgington, D. C. He taught as distinguished visiting professor medieval studies at the University of California, Berkeley, in 2000. He became closely associated with Harvard University’s Villa I Tatti study center assisting in the convening of the internation conference “Arnolfo’s Moment” there on the era of Arnolfo di Cambio. His book on Giotto, Giotto and his Publics: Three Paradigms of Patronage was issued in 2011. In 2012 a festscrhift appeared in his honor.

    Selected Bibliography

    [dissertation:] The Influence of Pope’s and Cardinal’s Patronage on the Introduction of the Gothic Style into Rome and the Surrounding Area, 1254-1305. University of London, 1969; The Tomb and the Tiara: Curial Tomb Sculpture in Rome and Avignon in the Later Middle Ages. Oxford: Clarendon Press/ New York: Oxford University Press, 1992; Patrons, Painters, and Saints: Studies in Medieval Italian Painting. Brookfield, VT: Variorum, 1993; contributor, Italian Altarpieces, 1250-1550: Function and Design. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1994; contributor, Giotto as a Historical and Literary Figure: Miscellaneous Specialized Studies. New York: Garland, 1998; “Giotto in America (and Elsewhere).” Italian Panel Painting of the Duecento and Trecento. Studies in the History of Art 61. Washington, DC: National Gallery of Art/New Haven: Yale University Press, 2002; Arnolfo’s Moment: Acts of an International Conference, Florence, Villa I Tatti, May 26-27, 2005. Florence: L.S. Olschki, 2009; “French Patrons Abroad and at Home: 1260-1300,” in Rome Across Time and Space: Cultural Transmission and the Exchange of Ideas c. 500-1400. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2011, pp. 265-277; Giotto and his Publics: Three Paradigms of Patronage. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2011.


    “Introduction.” in, Bourdua, Louise, and Gibbs, Robert, eds. A Wider Trecento: Studies in 13th- and 14th-century European Art Presented to Julian Gardner. Leiden/Boston: Brill, 2012.

    Contributors: Lee Sorensen


    Lee Sorensen. "Gardner, Julian." Dictionary of Art Historians (website).

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