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Deschamps, Paul

    Full Name: Deschamps, Paul

    Other Names:

    • Paul Deschamps

    Gender: male

    Date Born: 1885

    Date Died: 1974

    Home Country/ies: France

    Subject Area(s): Crusader (style), Medieval (European), Romanesque, and sculpture (visual works)

    Institution(s): École Nationale des Chartes


    Scholar of Romanesque sculpture and history of fortifications (Crusades). Deschamps was the leader in the nationalistic counter attack to the debate on the origin of the Romanesque. It had been launched by the American A. Kingsley Porter when he posited that pilgrimage and monastic reform explained the stylistic progress of the Romanesque, eminating not from France, but from Spain. The French academy rejected Porter’s thesis in favor of their regional hierarchy. Deschamps led the academy’s objections by publishing the most virulent corrections (Maxwell) to Porter’s evidence. Dechamps was joined by François Deshoulières, Charles Dangibeaud and Eugène Lefèvre-Pontalis who wrote essays attempting to defend the academy’s classification.

    Selected Bibliography

    Le Krak des chevaliers. 2 vols. 1934.; La Défense du royaume de Jérusalem. 2 vols. 1939. La Défense du comté de Tripoli et des principautés d’Antioche. 2 vols. 1971.


    Bazin, Germain. Histoire de l’histoire de l’art: de Vasari à nos jours. Paris: Albin Michel, 1986, p. 488; Maxwell, Robert. “Modern Origins of Romanesque Sculpture.” in, Rudolf, Conrad, ed. A Companion to Medieval Art : Romanesque and Gothic in Northern Europe. Malden, MA: Blackwell, 2006, pp. 338-339.

    Contributors: Lee Sorensen


    Lee Sorensen. "Deschamps, Paul." Dictionary of Art Historians (website).

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