Art educator and theorist, applied Marxist and psychological approaches to his interpretations of art. Sponsored by Barnes Foundation to study in France. Taught: Antioch College, 1925-27; Acadia University (Canada), 1928-43; Michigan State University, 1943-56.
Collective Dream in Art: A Psycho-Historical Theory of Culture based on Relations between the Arts, Psychology, and the Social Sciences. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1957; Representation and Form: A Study of Aesthetic Values in Representational Art. New York: Scribners, 1936; Canadian Aspirations in Painting. Quebec: Culture, 1942; Pleasure From Art : a Guide to Reading. Ottawa: Canadian Legion Educational Services, 1944.
Kleinbauer, W. Eugene. Research Guide to the History of Western Art. (Sources of Information in the Humanities, no. 2). Chicago: American Library Association, 1982, 101; Kleinbauer, W. Eugene. Modern Perspectives in Western Art History: An Anthology of 20th-Century Writings on the Visual Arts. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1971, 74; Who Was Who in American Art . New York: R.R. Bowker, 1956: 2.