Lippmann, Friedrich

Full Name: 
Lippmann, Friedrich
Year Born: 
1838
Year Died: 
1903
Place Born: 
Prague, Czechoslovakia; [present day Czech Republic]
Place Died: 
Berlin, Germany
Home Country: 
Czechoslovakia
Germany
Overview: 
Curator of the Kupferstichkabinett (Graphics Collection), Berlin State Museums. In 1871, Lippmann was among the team of art historians (the others including Moritz Thausing, Carl von Lützlow, Adolf von Bayersdorfer, Alfred Woltmann, Wilhelm Lübke, Bruno Meyer, Karl Woermann, G Malsz and Wilhelm Bode, all q.v.) who convened in Dresden to determine which of two versions of Hans Holbein the younger's Meyer Madonna was the autograph work. The so-called "Holbein convention," one of the important events in nineteenth-century art history when many methodical approaches were employed to determined authenticity, concluded that the Darmstadt version was the original. Lippmann began compiling a catalog of drawings by Albrecht Dürer, Zeichnungen von Albrecht Dürer, in 1883. Lippmann wrote a series of articles on wood engraving for the Jahrbuch der Königlich Preussischen Kunstsammlungen which were turned into the book The Art of Wood-engraving in Italy in the Fifteenth Century in 1888. In 1891 Max J. Friedländer (q.v.) then a young volunteer, worked under Lippmann in his graphics collection. His 1893 introduction to the history of engraving, Der Kupferstich, written in collaboration with Max Lehrs (q.v.) and Elfried Bock (1875-1933) went through many editions and was updated by Lehrs and translated into English by the keeper of the Victorian and Albert Museum, Martin Hardie (q.v.) in 1906. Volumes 6 and 7 of his Dürer drawings catalog completed by Friedrich Winkler (q.v.).
Selected Bibliography: 
Zeichnungen von Albrecht Dürer, Berlin, G. Grote, 1883-1929 [vols. 6-7 completed by Friedrich Winkler]; Zeichnungen von Sandro Botticelli zu Dante's Goettlicher Komoedie nach den Originalen im K. Kupferstichkabinet zu Berlin. Berlin: G. Grote'sche Verlagsbuchandlung, [1884-]1887, English, Drawings by Sandro Botticelli for Dante's Divina Commedia, Reduced Facsimiles after the Originals in the Royal museum, Berlin, and in the Vatican Library. London: Lawrence and Bullen, 1896; and Dohme, Robert. Druckschriften des XV bis XVIII Jahrhunderts in getreuen Nachbildungen. Berlin: Reichsdruckerei, 1884-1887, English, Engravings and Woodcuts by Old Masters (sec. XV-XIX). London: B. Quaritch, 1889-1900; [revised essays from Jahrbuch der Königlich Preussischen Kunstsammlungen] The Art of Wood-engraving in Italy in the Fifteenth Century. 3 vols. London: B. Quaritch, 1888; Kupferstiche und Holzschnitte: alter Meister in Nachbildungen. 10 vols. Berlin: G. Grote, 1889-1899 ;and Bock, Elfried, and Lehrs, Max. Der Kupferstich. Berlin: W. Spemann, 1893. Lucas Cranach: Sammlung von Nachbildungen seiner vorzüglichsten Holzschnitte und seiner Stiche, hergestellt in der Reichsdruckerei. Berlin: G. Grote, 1895.
Sources: 
Metzler Kunsthistoriker Lexikon: zweihundert Porträts deutschsprachiger Autoren aus vier Jahrhunderten. Stuttgart: Metzler, 1999, pp. 242-244; Kultermann, Udo. The History of Art History. New York: Abaris, 1993, p. 145.