Hampe, Roland

Full Name: 
Hampe, Roland
Year Born: 
1908
Year Died: 
1981
Place Born: 
Heidelberg, Germany
Home Country: 
Germany
Overview: 
Classical art historian of Greek and Roman art; specialist in Greek pottery. Hampe was the son of the medieval historian Karl Hampe (1869-1936). Hample was a scientific assistant to Reinhard Herbig (q.v.) at the University of Würzburg, but had difficulty moving up the employment ladder due to a negative recommendation by the Nazi teacher's union (NS Dozentenbund). He was assigned to the Deutsche Archäologisches Institut during the Nazi era under Walther Wrede (q.v.) where he was a participant in the Olympia excavation 1936-1937. When the Germans evacuated Greece, Hampe, now a Nazi officer, remained behind at the DAI with Ulf Jantzen (q.v.). After the war, Hampe was appointed ordentliche (full) Professor at the University of Kiel in 1946, remaining there until 1948 when he moved to the university at Mainz (1948-1957) and finally the University of Heidelberg (1957-1975). Together with Erika Simon he authored the Corpus vasorum antiquorum for Mainz, in 1959.Hampe was a specialist in classical Greek and Roman art. He pioneered the study of ceramic artwork production in the ancient world as well as the importance of the form and style.
Selected Bibliography: 
and Winter, Adam. Bei Töpfer und Töpferinnen in Kreta, Messenian und Zypern. Mainz: Verlag des Römisch-Germanischen Zentralmuseums,1962; Bei Töpfer und Zieglern in Süditalien, Sizilien und Griechenland. Mainz: Verlag des Römisch-Germanischen Zentralmuseums Mainz/Bonn: R. Habelt, 1965; and Simon, Erika. Griechische Sagen in der frühen etruskischen Kunst. Mainz: P. von Zabern, 1964; and Simon, Erika. Antikes und modernes Griechenland. Mainz: P. von Zabern, 1984; and Simon, Erika. Tausend Jahre frühgriechische Kunst. Fribourg: Office du livre, 1980, English, The Birth of Greek Art: from the Mycenaean to the Archaic Period. New York: Oxford University Press, 1981; Corpus vasorum antiquorum. Deutschland. Mainz, Universität. vols. 15, 63, 1959 ff.; Die Gleichnisse Homers und die Bildkunst seiner Zeit. Tübingen: M. Niemeyer, 1952; and Simon, Erika. Griechische Sagen in der frühen etruskischen Kunst. Mainz: P. von Zabern, 1964; Die Stele aus Pharsalos im Louvre. Berlin: W. de Gruyter, 1951; Der Wagenlenker von Delphi. Munich: F. Bruckmann, 1941.
Sources: 
Archäologenbildnisse: Porträts und Kurzbiographien von Klassichen Archäologen deutscher Sprache. Reinhard Lullies, ed. Mainz am Rhein: Verlag Philipp von Zabern, 1988: 307-308; "German Archaeological Institute -- Athens." Encyclopedia of the History of Classical Archaeology. Nancy Thomson de Grummond, ed. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1996, vol. 1, pp. 495.