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  • French architect who published the first measured designs of the Acropolis in 1758. Le Roy was the son of the famous clockmaker to Louis XV, Julien Le Roy (1686-1759).
  • Italian art- and archtiectural historian, theorist and biographer; articulated the 18th-century sentiment against the Baroque. Milizia stemmed from an ancient noble family.
  • Greek and Roman sculpture scholar, early professor of Archaeology and Ancient History at University of Göttingen.
  • Enlightenment dramatist, critic and art writer; author of one of the most important 18th-century analysis of a Greek sculpture.
  • early art historian of the Middle Ages, Boisserée use his work (6 vols. 1811) as their example
  • possibly just a philosopher
  • Collector and historian of ancient and medieval art.
  • Historian of classical and renaissance Italian art; father of modern art history in Italy. Lanzi was educated as a Jesuit priest at Fermo and Rome, joining the Order of St. Ignatius.
  • Classicist art historian and cataloger of British art collections; (presumed) author of the Baron von Munchausen tales. Raspe attended the universities of Göttingen and Leipzig.
  • Early Albrecht Dürer historian
  • Painter and Royal Academy teacher; translator of German art histories and art historian.
  • Romantic art historian; disagreed with Winckelmann on the importance of Greek art as a measure
  • Minister of Arts under Napoleon, developer and first director of the Louvre Museum; collector and engraver. Denon was born to a provincial noble family.
  • Coauthor of lexicon of artists, Geschiedenis der vaderlandse schilderkunst, sedert de helft der XVIII eeuw. Van Eynden was trained as a painter, but never worked professionally.
  • Architectural historian.
  • First professor to be named to a position in art history (Göttingen); painter. Fiorillo's family was originally from Naples, but had settled in Hamburg.
  • Classical art historian. Guattàni initially studied law. His acquaintance with Giovanni Piranesi (1720-1778) and Ennio Guirino Visconti (q.v.) led him to the study of ancient art.
  • Wrote Enciclopedia metodica critico-ragionata delle belle arti, 1817-24.
  • Dramatist whose works helped bring about the re-evaluation of Michelangelo. Alfieri was born to a noble and wealthy family.
  • Academic and painter; wrote dictionary of Spanish art historians in the manner of Vasari.
  • wrote essays on German architecture
  • Connoisseur art historian; critic of the Elgin marbles debate. Knight was the grandson of a Shropshire ironmaster, Richard Knight, whose fortune he inherited.
  • Together with William Young Ottley, wrote a catalog for the British Gallery, 1818. Tresham was an art student at the Dublin Society of Artists where he won a prize in 1773.
  • Museum director, wrote early history of Greek sculpture.
  • Italian archaeologist, monuments conservator, and authority on Etruscan vase painting. Fèa received a degree in law from the University of Rome (the Sapienza).
  • art and architectural historian; advocate of Taine's theories of geographical determinism
  • Classical sculpture writer and critic. E´me´ric-David gained a law degree at the university at Aix-en-Provence in 1775. He moved to Florence and Rome were he became enthralled with art.
  • Leader of the French Académie under Napoleon; theorist and historian of 18th century French art; artistic biographer.
  • Museum curator; author of first modern comprehensive catalog of prints, Le Peintre-graveur. Bartsch was the son of a court official of Prince Starhemberg of Austria.
  • Author of Bryan's Dictionary of Painters and Engravers.
  • First director of the Alte Pinakothek and advisor to Ludwig I of Bavaria.
  • First professor of art theory and art history at University of Berlin (1810); responsible for the collection of antiquities of the King of Prussia from 1798; archaeologist of Greek and Roman architect
  • Archaeologist and historian of classical and medieval art. Millin was imprisoned in 1793 for completing a study on vandalized churches and monasteries in France.
  • Historian of Roman sculpture and the paintings of Raphael, also painter. Meyer began studying painting in Switzerland under the tutelage of Johann Koella and Johann Caspar Füssli.
  • Wrote Dizionario degli architetti, scultori, pittori, intagliatori (1830-33).
  • Founder of the first popular (and first chronologically organized) art museum, a museum which saved many artifacts from the French Revolution's destruction.
  • Classicism art theorist, archaeologist and historian.
  • First American to write a book on the history of art in the United States, A History of the Rise and Progress of the Arts of Design in the United States, 1834.
  • Novelist; first biographer of an art historian and one of the first art historians to write a monograph on Jan van Eyck.

  • Keeper of Prints and Drawings at the British Museum. He was succeeded at his death by William Young Ottley.
  • Coauthor of lexicon of artists, Geschiedenis der vaderlandse schilderkunst, sedert de helft der XVIII eeuw.
  • Author of Vite dei pittori ed artefici bolognesi, (1841-3), modernist revision of Bolognese artists dictionary.
  • Art historian and collector, established "Cicognara" art bibliography. Cicognara was educated in Modena at the Collegio dei Nobili. As a young man he knew the sculptor Antonio Canova.
  • Early French archaeologist and early architectural historian; coiner of the concept "Romanesque" for art. Gerville was born to a noble family in Normandy.
  • influenced by d'Agincourt; Romantic art historian
  • Collector and early British historian of Italian painting. Ottley was the son of Richard Ottley, a wealthy India plantation owner.
  • Architectural historian of the Gothic in England, topographer; earlier serious scholar of medieval architecture.
  • follower of d'Agincourt