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  • Author of an early biography of Spanish artists. Díaz del Valle was a singer and court personage in the Capilla Real and Chaplain to Charles II of Spain.
  • Painter and author of an early history/biographical dictionary of artists, Teutsche Academie.
  • First publisher of Leonardo's treatise on painting in 1651 and author of the first published annotated art bibliography.
  • Wrote Le vite de' pittori, scoltori et architetti genovesi (1674), and early lives of Genoese artists.
  • Wrote a history of painting in Bologna through biographies of Bolognese artists in 1678. Malvasia was born to an aristocratic Bolognese family.
  • Author of Le finezze dei pennelli italiani ammirate e studiate da Girupeno sotto la scorta e la disciplina del genio di Raffaello d'Urbino, 1674, written as an artistic journey by a young guide
  • Critic and historian of Italian and French art and royal art collections. Félibien was educated primarily in Paris.
  • Collector of drawings and connoisseur; worked on a universal history of art.
  • Early collector of artists' biographies; rhetorician; notary. De Bie was born in the city of Lier near Antwerp in 1627. His father, Adrianus, was a painter.
  • "founder of modern numismatics"
  • Writer of art theory and painters' biographies; art critic. De Piles was born in a noble family.
  • Author of Studio di pittura, scoltura et architettura nelle chiese di Roma (1686), an objectiveannotated catalog of Roman artistic treasures.
  • Vasari emulator, flemish
  • First person to write a book entitled "History of Art;" member of the French Academy; painter. Mosnier's father, Jean Mosnier (1600-1656), was the principal painter of the Blois region.
  • early developer of catalogue raisonné for antiquity
  • Librarian and scholar of classical art. He served as librarian for Prince Karl Ludwig von der Pfalz from 1675 as well as conservator for the prince's collection of coins and medals.
  • Established the ground for later French historical scholarship with early scientific exploration of ancient and medieval cultures.
  • Wrote El Parnaso español pintoresco laureado, an early biographical account of Spanish painters. Palomino's family moved to Córdoba when he was ten.
  • architect; worked on a history of world architecture which was based more on conjecture than source material of the time
  • Architect who published an early architectural history, Entwurf einer historischen Architektur (1721).
  • Son of art historian and theorist André Félibien (q.v.). First theoretician in France to address the gothic style "Disseration touchant l'architecture antique & l'architecture gothique" (Bazin).
  • Art writer, painter, draughtsman, engraver, book illustrator. At the age of nine, Houbraken became an assistant in the shop of the Dordrecht merchant in twine, Johannes de Haan.
  • Writer and historian of Italian artists and painting. Orlandi was a member of the Carmelite order and lived at the Bolognese convent of San Martino, where he collected paintings and prints.
  • Early developer of cat. rais. for antiquity.
  • Collector, artist and art writer; first to use the term "connoisseur." Richardson's principal vocation was as a portrait painter.
  • Wrote an important art book, Vite de' pittori, scultori ed architetti moderni (1730-36), focusing on modern painting.
  • Italian priest who wrote the first serious biographical account of artists of Ferrara, beginning in 1704, and other histories of art.
  • Art historian and collector; Gabburri compiled after 1719 an ambitious encyclopedic dictionary of artists' lives, ranging from the primitives to his contemporaries, called the Vite, it remains
  • Writer of painters' biographies; painter; playwright; translator; journalist. Weyerman's parents, Hendrick Weyermans (d. 1695) and Elisabeth Sommerel (d.
  • Author of Vite de' pittori, scultori ed architetti napoletani, 1742-5.
  • Artists' biographer; painter. Van Gool was a minor painter of landscapes with cattle. He was trained as a painter with Simon van der Does (1653-1718).
  • Wrote a new edition of Il riposo di Raffaele Borghini in cui della pittura e della scultura si favella (1730) of Raffaele Borghini (q.v.) and wrote the Dialoghi sopra le tre arti del disegno
  • lectured on art and antiquities, Göttingen (Gooch,25)
  • Archaeologist and historian of Renaissance art; early developer of systematic Etruscology. Gori took religious orders and was a priest of the Baptistry of S.
  • French antiquarian; early classifier of ancient works by subject matter. Caylus was born to an old noble family and was exposed to the privileges that aristocratic life offered.
  • Print collector and early art historian. Mariette was born to a family of Parisian engravers and print dealers.
  • German immigrant painter who wrote an early, unpublished history of art. Haidt descended from a family of goldsmiths in Augsburg, Germany. His grandfather was .
  • Early art historian and classicist; Cranach scholar; immediate precursor to Winckelmann. Christ's family comprised a long line of civil servants.
  • Historian of Etruscans including their art; early excavator of Etruscan tombs. Guarnacci was born to a wealthy, noble family. In 1726 he moved to Rome to participate as a cleric in the church.
  • Church minister and author of Pilkington's Dictionary of Painters, a standard work for most of the nineteenth century. Pilkington was the son of a watchmaker, William Pilkington.
  • Architect and art historian, acclaimed for his Vite dei più celebri architetti e scultori veneziani che fiorirono nel secolo decimosesto.
  • Painter and art dealer; wrote extensive biographies of European artists. Descamps was raised and trained in art in Dunkirk.
  • Historian of Venetian painting. Zanetti began as a draftsman and artist, collaborating with his cousin, also called Anton Maria Zanetti, in illustrations for books.
  • Early compiler of data on architectural history. Ducarel's work was inspired by Browne Willis (q.v.) in his Survey of the Cathedrals of York, Durham, Carlisle, Chester, Man, Litchfield, 1742.
  • Architect; first to write an accurate book on Greek architecture. Stuart was born to a Scottish seaman's family in London.
  • doctor, scientist, scholar, art historian; purchased Raphael's Sistine Madonna (c. 1512-14), in 1753 for the Dresden Gemäldegalerie, wrote important monographs on Piranesi (1779), Mengs
  • One of the founders of the modern discipline of art history.
  • Classical art historian, administrator; developer of the illustrated museum catalog. Visconti was born to a scholarly family. At 14 he moved to Rome where he met Johann Joachim Winckelmann (q.v.).
  • Clergyman, garden theorist and early historian of prints. Gilpin was the son of Captain John Bernard Gilpin (1701-1776) and Matilda Langstaffe (1703-1773). He attended school in Carlisle, then at St.