• Italian renaissance scholar, dealer, and art magazine editor. Borenius was the son of Carl Borenius, a member of the Finnish Diet.
  • Professor of esthetics at the University of Helsinki; first to teach art history courses in Finland. Estlander taught a course in the history of painting at Helsinki in 1862-1863 academic year.
  • Scholar of Italian art, succeeded Johan Jakob Tikkanen (q.v.) as a professor of aesthetics and art history at the University of Helsinki.
  • Scholar of Italian Trecento but more notably one of the early Western scholars and collectors of Oriental art; professor of Fine Arts at Stockholm University, 1908-1925 and Keeper of Painting and Scul
  • Scholar of Italian art; Finland's first professor of art history.